SKILLS – Grammar

Inverted translation

How to go about it

Translate the text from English to Spanish. After a week, use the Spanish translation to translate it back to English 

What is the exercise for?

  • Noticing the gap between the student’s language and the target language
  • Analysing natural English
  • Retrieving natural English

A visit to the museum

I’ve just been to the museum in our city. That was my first visit, believe it or not! I wanted to collect some information for our class history project. We have to hand it in soon, don’t we?

I’ve still got some work to do on my project, so I’ll need to go back to the museum again some time soon. In fact, why don’t we go together? I don’t think you’ve been there before, have you? I’m sure you’ll find something that you could use for your project, hopefully!

W0rking from home

It is difficult to find your perfect job. Sometimes the work is interesting but the pay is too low. Maybe you have to work with difficult colleagues or you don’t believe in the ideas of the company. But there is an answer. Now, because of the internet, many people have decided to start their own business. All you need is a laptop and a good idea and you could be the next Mark Zuckerberg. But working from home isn’t easy; your office and your bedroom might be the same place. You need to have some rules so that you don’t just sit around all day, wasting time.



The company was created in 1889, over one hundred years ago. They had sold card games for about 80 years before they entered the world of video games. Their first game was EVR Racer released in 1975. In 1981 they released a game which would change history. It was called Donkey Kong. It was an arcade game so you could only play it in shopping centres and other pulbic places and you had to put money in.


The invention of cars

The invention of the first car is a fascinating story, as it involves various pioneers and ingenious ideas. From the 1850s to the early 1910s, numerous inventors around the world were busy playing with machines that could revolutionise transportation. Da vinci designed something that looked like a car, Cugnot came up with the idea of adding wheels to it, Daimler put a gas engine on it, but many more smart people contributed to the invention. At the end of the day, it’s like a puzzle with multiple pieces that finally were put together, which makes it challenging to identify a single inventor. So, if someone asks you “who invented the car”, bear in mind that you’re never going to get it right!


In life, everyone has a unique personality that shapes who they are. Some people are outgoing and love meeting new friends, while others may be more introverted and prefer quiet moments alone. Your personality influences how you react to challenges and joys, and it’s a key part of what makes you, you. Understanding different personality traits helps us connect with others and build strong relationships. Whether you’re described as cheerful, ambitious, or easygoing, each trait contributes to the vibrant fabric of personalities that make our world interesting and diverse

Conversation in a shop

Customer: Hi! I’m looking for a new pair of running shoes. Do you have any recommendations? If they’re black, all the better!

Shop Assistant: Of course! We have a great selection of running shoes. Are you looking for something specific, like extra cushioning or a particular brand?

Customer: I’m leaning towards something comfy and wear resistance. I’ve been into running for a while, so I’m looking for a top pair of running shoes, to take it to the next level.

Shop Assistant: Got it. These brands have received positive feedback from professional athletes. Let me show you a couple of options. Here’s our bestseller, and we also have a newer model with some advanced features. What’s your shoe size?

Customer: I’m a EU size 42.

Shop Assistant: Perfect! Both of these come in that size. Feel free to try them on, and let me know if you need any assistance.

Customer: Thanks! These feel comfortable. I’ll take the newer model, it feels great.

Situational grammar

How to go about it

Write a dialogue/monologue as if you were one of the people in the picture.

What is the exercise for?

  • Priming (prepare yourself for a situation)
  • Practice language that you will use in everyday situations
  • Conversational English

Tenses workout

How to go about it

Translate the sentences into English. The goal of the exercise is to get students familiarised with all English tenses. The order of the rows is the following:

  • Simple tenses
  • Continuous tenses
  • Perfect tenses
  • Perfect continuous tenses

What’s the exercise for?

  • Grammar review
  • Mental agility

Yo veo

Él canta

Ella consigue

Ellos estudian

Nosotros compramos

Yo entendí

Tú dijiste

Ella enseñó

Ellos rompieron

Nosotros aprendimos

Yo tendré

Él perderá

Ella ganará

Ellos saltarán

Nosotros construiremos

Yo comería

Tú serías

Él vendría

Ella escribiría

Nosotros sentiríamos

Tú estás soñando

Él está intentando

Ella está gastando

Ellos están yendo

Nosotros estamos cocinando

Yo estaba durmiendo

Tú estabas hablando

Él estaba llevando (puesto)

Ellos estaban haciendo

Nosotros estábamos pensando

Yo estaré trabajando

Él estará estudiando

Ella estará volando

Ellos estarán limpiando

Nosotros estaremos nadando

Yo estaría nadando

Él estaría volando

Ella estaría durmiendo

Ellos estarían trabajando

Nosotros estaríamos limpiando

Yo he estado

Tú has tenido

Él ha visto

Ellos han escrito

Nosotros hemos robado

Yo había estudiado

Él había decidido

Ella había entendido

Ellos habían llegado

Nosotros habíamos comprado

Yo habré terminado

Tú habrás conseguido

Él habrá empezado

Ellos habrán hecho

Nosotros habremos mejorado

Yo habría ganado

Él habría venido

Ella habría elegido

Ellos habrían cogido

Nosotros habríamos pintado

Yo he estado mirando

Tú has estado molestando

Él ha estado jugando

Ellos han estado buscando

Nosotros hemos estado señalando

Yo había estado leyendo

Él había estado bebiendo

Ella había estado cocinando

Ellos habían estado peleando

Nosotros habíamos estado quedando

Tú habrás estado haciendo trampas

Él habrá estado preguntando

Ella habrá estado insistiendo

Ellos habrán estado llorando

Nosotros habremos estado caminando

Yo habría estado leyendo

Él habría estado cantando

Ella habría estado corriendo

Ellos habrían estado planeando

Nosotros habríamos estado desarrollando


How to go about it

Pick up a paper and a pen. Read the text for 90 seconds. While you’re reading, your goal is to remember as many details as possible. When the 90 seconds are over, write your text, which has to be as close as possible to the original. 

What’s the exercise for?

  • Noticing language
  • Retrieving language
  • Reflecting on language points such as prepositions, sentence structure or transition words


Luna the dog

Oh my gosh, you have to hear about my dog, Luna! She’s seriously the best thing ever. I mean, she’s not just a pet, she’s like my furry sister. Luna’s a golden retriever, and she’s got the  softest fur you could imagine. And her eyes? They’re like pools of melted chocolate, so big and expressive. Every day when I come home from school, she’s waiting by the door, shaking her tail like crazy, like she’s saying, “Where have you been all day? I missed you so much!” We do everything together – from playing fetch in the backyard to cuddling up on the couch for movie nights. Luna’s more than just a dog; she’s my best friend.

A new business

Hey there! I’ve got this cool idea I want to share with you. I’m going to start my own online shop, but it’s going to be a bit different. I’ll be selling clothes that are made in a really nice way, without hurting the environment or the people who make them. You know, like using eco-friendly materials and making sure workers are treated fairly. I love fashion, but I also care about the planet and people, so I want to combine the two. I’m super excited about it!

A difficult relationship

Hey mate, my relationship with my girlfriend has been like a rollercoaster lately. Things are good sometimes, but then we have these moments where we just don’t seem to connect. It’s like we’re on different pages or something. We’ve been arguing more than usual, and it’s been stressing me out. I care about her a lot, but I’m not sure how to fix things. It’s like we need to figure out how to communicate better or something. Anyway, hopefully everything will be alright.